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Florence Travel Guide

Florence is the capital city of the italian region of Tuscany.A centre of medieval European trade and finance, the city is often considered the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance and was long ruled by the Medici family. Florence is also famous for its magnificent art and architecture.

About Florence

Florence covers an area of 39 square miles (102 sq. Km) and is estimated to have a population of 430.000 people being one of the most visited cities in Italy. The historic centre of Florence was declared a world heritage site by the UNESCO.

Florence Cathedral

The basilica is notable for its dome designed by Filippo Brunelleschi, its exterior facing of polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink bordered by white. The basilica was built on the site of a previous cathedral, Santa Reparata (locals of Florence continued to call the Cathedral by this former name for some time after reconstruction), and was inspired by the new cathedrals in Pisa and Siena. By the end of the 13th century, the nine-centuries-old church of Santa Reparata was crumbling with age, as attested in documents of that time such as the Nuova Cronica of Giovanni Villani (1276–1348). Furthermore, it had become too small in a period of rapid population expansion.[2] Prosperous Florence also wanted to surpass in grandeur its Tuscan rivals, Pisa and Siena, with a yet more magnificent church, grander in size and more richly adorned. This cathedral was, as a result, the largest in Europe when completed, with room for 30,000 people. It is now only exceeded in size by Saint Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican City, Saint Paul’s Cathedral in London, the Seville Cathedral, and the Milan Cathedral.

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